What Does A Tight End Do In Football? Learn Here


The tight end position in football is one of the most important positions in the modern-day offense. They are required to have a unique skill set that is a combination of multiple players

Tight ends in football are required to block as well as catch passes from the quarterback. These players are a hybrid between an offensive lineman and wide receiver skillsets.

In this article, we’re going to show you all the different varieties of tight ends and how they’re used in common offensive schemes.

Tight Ends In Football

Rob Gronkowski

There are several types of tight ends in football. Each tight end is unique to the scheme they play in. Coaches have a variety of tight ends, that fit their style of both passing and running attacks.

For run dominant teams, they may have to block tight ends. Pass heavy teams will have either strictly pass-catching tight ends or H-backs in their system.

The tight end position is a mix between an offensive lineman and a wide receiver. This player is often a little bit smaller than an offensive lineman but can catch the football and has athletism like a wide receiver.

These players are extremely rare in football. They often cause mismatch nightmares for the defense as linebackers are too slow to cover them in man to man coverage.

Blocking Tight Ends

Wide receivers

The first and most common type of tight end is the blocking tight end. This player is common in power schemes and short-yardage situations. Coaches will often use blocking tight ends, as a way to get another blocker on the field.

Blocking tight ends are often bigger, stalkier players who don’t necessarily move that well, but they block very well. These types of players are often included in running sets where they need extra support blocking defensive ends or linebackers.

In the ’70s and ’80s blocking tight ends were the most common type of tight end in the NFL. This player often has his hand in the ground and is ready to be physical at the point of attack.

Blocking tight ends will often catch 1, maybe 2 passes in a game. Again, it depends on the offensive coaches system how often the run blocking tight end catches the football.

Pass Catching Tight Ends

Travis Kelce

Pass catching tight ends are more common in today’s game. Players like Rob Gronkowski, Travis Kelce, and George Kittle are among the leagues best tight ends. These players are known as pass-catching tight ends.

Pass catching tight ends lean more toward the athletic, pass-catching skill set, rather than the run blocking skillset. That is not to say they can’t block, those 3 players named above are extremely good at blocking.

First revolutionized by Kellen Winslow, the pass-catching tight end didn’t exist in the early forms of football – only run-blocking tight ends. It wasn’t until the Air Coryell where bigger more athletic tight ends started to make an appearance into the game of football.

Why Use A Tight End In Football

Pass catching tight ends can be a match-up nightmare for the defense. It all comes down to personnel and matchups.

For example, a player like Travis Kelce is 6’5 tall. Not only is he athletic, but he can also block. If you’re the defense, you have two decisions to scheme against Travis Kelce.

The first decision is to keep a linebacker on the field. Linebackers are better suited to play the run and have an advantage against being stronger verse a guy like Kelce.

The disadvantage, however, is that a linebacker is weak against the passing game. A player like Kelce will easily run by a linebacker in man to man coverage. This gives the advantage to Kelce in the passing game.

The second option is to bring in a defensive back against a tight end. Defensive backs are often smaller players, so they wouldn’t be able to shed a block from a tight end in the run game.

In the passing game, however, they are better suited to cover a tight end and a player like Travis Kelce.

The defense will always be in the wrong, they must decide whether to play aggressively toward the run with a linebacker or cover the pass with a defensive back.

This is why tight ends are a match up nightmare, as coaches need players that are big enough to play run on defense, but fast enough to play pass.

H-Backs In Football

H-backs in football

Another term for a tight end is an H-Back. The reason it’s called an H-back is because of the position they lineup in. Like we wrote about here, each position typically has a letter position that identifies their location.

The H-back is often lined up behind the tackle, or a yard outside of the tackle. This player is unique because he can go across the formation and kick out a defensive end running the play “counter”, or he can hinge upon a defensive end like in the inside zone.

The H-back position is unique to each coach’s scheme, but it gives the offensive coordinator flexibility to use the tight end like a pulling guard, rather than a stationary position on the line of scrimmage.

Conclusion

The tight end position is becoming increasingly popular, as it creates mismatches for the defense.

Athletic tight ends are responsible for blocking as well as pass-catching. These players are unique in the fact that they can block like an offensive lineman but have the catching ability of wide receivers.

Tight ends put stress on defensive coordinators to put a linebacker in the game to stop the run, or they force a defensive back in the game to stop the pass. Oftentimes the defense will always be wrong, as spread offenses can check different plays at the line of scrimmage, based on personnel.

Tight ends will continue to revolutionize the game as they become more important to coaches’ schemes.

How do you use tight ends in your scheme? Do you have a different way to counteract tight ends? We want to know! Tweet us on twitter @vIQtorysports and let’s discuss.

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