Communicating With Picture Boards & Hand Signals

In Football Content, General, Offense, Schemesby vIQtory2 Comments

The evolution of the spread offense is upon us!

Why Do Teams Use Picture Boards & Hand Signals? Few Reasons – The speed of communication is faster than huddling and it allows offenses to be more complex in their play calling.

Coaches are innovating every way they communicate to the quarterback and the offense.

As we cover in our football handbook coaches over the years have shorted (and lengthened) their terminology in communicating plays.

In this blog we’re going to look at how coaches are using hand signals and picture boards to relay plays from the sideline.

Coaches are communicating with their offense in many ways, including:

The main goal of the coordinator is to get the call to the offense/quarterback as quick as possible.

Why Do Offenses Move Fast And Not Huddle?

A few reasons:

  • Keeps the defense/coaches off their rhythm
  • Tires players out
  • Allows the offense to create confusion

When teams practice fast, move fast and play fast – it creates a rhythm that is hard to stop defensively. Everything from formations and tempo – it puts defenses at a disadvantage.

One MAJOR benefit from playing fast is it tires players out. Running 3-4 plays in under a minute can drain the front 7 rather quickly. If the offensive lineman and skill positions are in good shape, this is where the big plays tend to pop off.

The last perk of moving fast is the ability to create confusion. If defensive teams are used to huddling – this will force them to set up right away, which often forces miscommunication within the defensive scheme.

Why Moving Fast Could Potentially Hurt Your Offense

Moving fast is not all great. Here are a few reasons why:

  • 3 and outs tire your own defense
  • Time of Possession
  • Rhythm Can Stall

The first and main reason why going fast is not for everyone, is simply for fatigue purposes. This was one large criticism of Chip Kelly’s offensive schemes. He would call 3 plays in under a minute and have to punt. The defense wouldn’t have time to make adjustments before they were back on the field.

Here is a great little breakdown of Chip Kelly’s Eagles from Dusty and Cam in the morning.

Highlights from the Dusty & Cam Show:

  • The Eagles, by week 12, have already played a full season (play wise)
  • Player’s bodies started to break down mid-way through the season

Maintaining ball and clock control is essential in winning football games. Moving fast neglects the time of possession battle, as 3 and outs can stall an offense.

Last, the rhythm can stall. Good offenses & quarterbacks get in a rhythm to maximize potential. When you’re moving fast (especially in cold weather), the offense going 3 and out can stall a drive and keep your offense on the sideline.

Hand Signals In Football

The evolution of hand signals in football started with a single coach using sign language to communicate directly to his quarterback. Here is a video of former ASU coach Todd Graham signaling plays in.

These hand signals then evolved into multiple coaches giving hand signals. To date we’ve seen 3, 4 and sometimes 5 coaches (sometimes players) giving hand signals in football. Some coaches are used as dummies, others to signal to certain positions.

 multiple coaches football signaling


Hand signals in football are nothing new to football, however their popularity has increased with the innovations to the spread offense.

Gallaudet University in Washington DC , a school that fields a football team with all deaf players, use hand signals in football for everything offense, defense and special teams.

Below is a great video made by CBS on how Gallaudet students play fast and effective using only sign language.

Picture Boards

Picture boards have gain popularity ever since Chip Kelly and Oregon began using them in 2008 season. The picture boards have multiple meanings to them.

Often crafted in a 4 picture square, each item can mean something different. We’ve seen the colors, words, celebrities, animals and anything you can ever imagine on picture. They often relate to a word or meaning in the offensive play calls. Often times… they mean nothing! It’s just a way to psych out the opposing defensive staff into thinking they can decipher it.

Image result for signal board football

image via SI

An example of how a coach could use the picture board above:

  • Top Left Box Is the formation
  • Top Right is the Protection
  • Bottom Left is the Running Back’s responsibility (Run/ Pass)
  • Bottom Right is the Passing (Run/Pass)

Here is an example on how a coach could use the picture board above.

So before the game, a coach could use any bald headed characters to describe an empty formation (No hair = no backs). The O could stand for 50 protection. The elephant could be an heavy package (elephants = heavy personnel). The books could be used for a read concept across the formation for all receivers.

Above is just an example of how coaches can relate to these picture boards. There are thousands of combinations that can allow coaches to be creative.

Picture Board Innovation

Picture board and hand signals in football are starting to mature; not just into spread offenses.

Power teams that want to move fast are starting to implement hand signals and picture boards into their offense.

Picture boards aren’t just for defense.We often see picture boards on defense that indicate personnel (11, 21, 13, etc).

As spread offenses are become more abundant, defenses are almost always  using hand signals. This is to keep up with the speed that the offenses are pushing.

Like Learning Football? Our football handbook has everything you need to know about football!

What do you think about the new hand signal or picture board phase? Do you think coaches are doing too much to communicate effectively? Do you think that there needs to be more hand signals and picture boards? Let’s hear your thoughts!

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