Pre-Snap Offensive Penalties
Delay Of Game
It occurs when the offense doesn’t snap the football before the play clock expires.
Called when an offensive player moves after they establish their set position.
Called when 2 players go in motion at the same time, after establishing their set position.
Having 12 players on the field or illegally breaking the huddle with 12 players.
Post-Snap Offensive Penalties
Block In The Back
Blocking a player in the back to gain an advantage while a play is being run.
Blocking a player from the waist up, then a second player blocking from the waist down.
Blocking a player from behind and below the waist causing the player to fall.
Illegal Block Below The Waist
Illegally blocking a player below the waist in certain areas of the field.
Illegal Forward Pass
Throwing a forward pass, passed the line of scrimmage.
Illegal Hands To The Face
Putting the hands on the face mask without grabbing the face mask completely.
If a receiver steps out of bounds, they are ineligible to be the first receiver to touch the football in bounds.
Called when the forward pass doesn’t reach the line of scrimmage or when a player isn’t in the area to catch the football.
Called when a player holds the jersey, shoulder pads, or body parts of a defensive player, restricting their movement.
When an offensive player makes contact unfairly with a defensive player to play on a forward pass.
It is called when an offensive player deliberately sticks their legs out and trips a defensive player to gain an advantage.
Pre-Snap Defensive Penalties
Called when a player jumps offsides and touches another player.
Neutral Zone Infraction
Called when another player passes the neutral zone.
Called when a player lines up with a part of their body past the line of scrimmage
Post-Snap Defensive Penalties
Called when a player grasps another player’s face mask in any way.
Called when a player tackles an offensive player by the back of their shoulder pads.
Defensive Pass Interference
Called when a player unfairly makes contact with an offensive player to catch the football.
Roughing The Passer
Called when the quarterback is hit after the ball is thrown.
Roughing The Kicker
Called when the kicker is hit after the ball is kicked.
Called when a player goes helmet to helmet with another player in a violent manner.
Called when a defensive player trips an offensive player to gain an advantage
Called when a player does something unsportsmanlike to the game of football.
Other Penalties & Signals
The referee signal for the ball is in play and ready for the offense to snap it.
Called when a dead ball, also known as a penalty that occurs after the play occurs.
Called when a player or a coach is ejected from the game.
This referee signals the game is over. The referee will take off his hat or raise the ball in the air.
This referee signal indicates that the offense has gained enough yards for a first down.
This referee signal indicates the offense did not complete a forward pass.
Called when the referee needs to stop the clock for an injury or a coach’s timeout.
Called by the referee standing under the field goal post, this signal indicates no good kick.
Called when a player commits a penalty that’s done to hurt another player purposely.
Reset The Play Clock
Signaled to the game clock operator, this tells them to reset the play clock.
Signaled when the defense forces to offense to either down the ball or fumble out of their own zone
Called when a referee warns the sideline or coach about their conduct.
Stop The Clock
Signals to the game clock operator to stop the clock.
Signaled by the referee that a touchback has occurred from the kicking team.
Signaled when a player crossed the goal line successfully for 6 points.
Ball Is Not Catchable
Signaled when the ball that is thrown is uncatchable after a defensive player makes contact
Waiving Off The Flag
Signaled when the referee makes a mistake and needs to waive off the flag.
Wind The Clock
Signaled to the game clock operator to start the clock.